Flatware Patterns

Hanoverian (Rat-tail) 

This pattern of flatware is so named because its manufacture spanned most of the 18th Century, coinciding with the reigns of George I, II and III (part) of the House of Hanover dynasty.

Its earliest form from circa 1710 has a long rat-tail to the reverse of the bowl, and a central ridge to the front of the stem. 

As the century progresses the length of the rat-tail reduces and develops into a drop or heel, and the central ridge is reduced to a pip. The hallmarks on Hanoverian spoons are bottom struck i.e. on the stem towards the bowl end, and because of the rounding of the stems the marks are often difficult to read. Variations to the shape of bowl, ridge on the stem and the reverse of the bowl, such as double drops, extended drops etc., can help date poorly marked spoons. Decoration to the reverse of the bowls produced the picture-backs.

This pattern was reproduced towards the end of the 19th century and throughout the 20th century in two distinct forms; Rat-tail and Hanoverian. Rat-tail has a pronounced ridge to the front stem and a long rat-tail to the reverse of spoon bowls (and  occasionally the reverse of forks) and takes its inspiration from the early 18th century examples. Meanwhile Hanoverian pattern has more similarities with the late 18th century originals, i.e. a pip to the front of the stem and no rat-tail. Highly sought after 3-pronged forks are most commonly found in this pattern.

We sell period Hanoverian and Rattail 18th Century spoons amongst our collectable spoon categories (e.g. table spoons) and later spoons, forks and serving items in our Hanoverian Rattail category.


Hanoverian terminal (front)


Hanoverian - Extended drop

The Hanoverian pattern was used as the basis for other patterns throughout the 19th century.

From left to right, the image shows: Hanoverian Military Thread with Shell, Quilted, Elizabethan and Hanoverian, Thread & Drop.


Completely different in appearance to all the other patterns of the period, Onslow pattern is quite an anomaly.  The cast scroll terminal was applied to the stem by a scarf joint, however this terminal makes handling awkward, and so examples therefore tend to be generally limited to serving pieces, which would presumably have been used in conjunction with Hanoverian pattern eating implements. Several variants occur. 

Onslow pattern was reputedly named in honour of Arthur Onslow (1691- 1768)the famous 18th century speaker of the House of Commons.

Please use our website search engine (top left) to find Onslow patterns that we are offering for sale.

Picture (fancy) Backs

Decoration during the rococo period, also had its’ influence on spoons, and at this time the picture-back made its’ appearance. Originally as a simple detached-shell, but developing into complex scrolls and shells, and then into scenes which may be purely decorative (basket of flowers), celebratory (e.g. a galleon representing naval victories), political (e.g. a caged bird and the words "I Love Liberty" relating to the case of John Wilkes) or subversive (e.g. a broken bag pipe having a Jacobite significance). 

Please use our website search engine (top left) to find Picture Back spoons that we are offering for sale. Mostly they will be table and teaspoons, but occasionally we have marrow scoops, mote spoons etc.

Detached shell circa 1740 

  Rare picture backs inc masonic, galleon, &  "Hearts of Oak"

Scroll-back circa 1760

Old English

Similar in style to the Hanoverian pattern, but instead of the upturned terminal, the stem end is turned downwards (although on forks it continues to be upturned for easier handling). Old English pattern is plain in style with a rounded terminal and a single drop to the reverse of the bowl. Originally developed in the 1750’s when the upturned ends of larger serving implements (e.g. soup ladles) in Hanoverian pattern where awkward to handle, so they were turned down instead, and so the new style began.

This was the most commonly produced pattern during the last 30 years of the 18th Century, before being superseded by Fiddle pattern, in the early 19th Century. However its production continued throughout the 19th and 20th Centuries and is the most commonly found pattern. Early examples, until circa 1780, were bottom struck (i.e. on the stem towards the bowl end), and after this date were generally top struck.

Variations on the Old English pattern theme can be found with decorative edges to the stems, the most commonly found examples being Old English Thread and Bead patterns.

A selection of items in this family of patterns can be found on our Old English Pattern page.

Old English with Thread Pattern


Old English Bead Pattern

Bright-cut Engraved

This elegant decoration is generally to be found on Old English pattern items, which was the favoured pattern of the period that bright-cut engraving was in fashion. Bright-cut engraving became popular from about 1770, with most pieces dating from about 1780 to 1805. The technique involves facets being cut out of the surface of the silver to leave a shiny appearance, as opposed to lines being drawn.

Several standard variants are named, such as Bright-cut Edge and Feather Edge. Mostly however they are decorated according to the wishes of the client or vagaries of the manufacturer. In Ireland bright-cutting was popular on a pointed version of the Old English pattern (Celtic Point), and were named according to the motif above the cartouche, e.g. a star, bow or plume. We always carry a good selection of bright-cut engraved flatware, one of the best protaganists of this art was Hester Bateman (click link for details) and our Irish stock always has some fine examples.

Irish Celtic Point with Bright-cut Star circa 1790


Bright-cut Engraved Teaspoon



Dominant throughout the nineteenth century, Fiddle pattern is the most commonly found pattern from the 1800’s. Originating in France, it first occurred in England from the 1760’s without the shoulders on the stem near the bowl, particularly favoured in Scotland where it is known as Oar pattern.

The most common Fiddle pattern variants are Fiddle & Thread and Fiddle, Thread & Shell.

The production of plain Fiddle pattern ceased around the time of World War 1. 

A selection of items in this family of patterns can be found on our Fiddle Pattern page.



Fiddle & thread

Fiddle, thread & shell


There are a multitude of patterns available that can all be lumped together under the general heading of King’s shape. They all possess the same shaped outline with shoulders, but differ in the decorative motifs that adorn them. The three principal patterns are King’s, Queen’s, and Hourglass. Queen’s is the most decorative and Hourglass the simplest of the three. They first appear in the first decade of the 19th Century, and have been popular ever since.

King's pattern (front & reverse)

Queen's pattern 

A wide selection of items in this family of patterns can be found on our King's Pattern and Queen's Pattern pages.

Other patterns under the King’s general heading include Albert, Bacchanalian, Coburg, King's Husk, Victoria and variations on the vine theme. Single items in some of the sought after patterns can fetch high prices, especially the patterns designed for Rundell, Bridge & Rundell and Paul Storr.

The two images below show a selection of patterns that are included in the "King's shape family of patterns.

King's Husk, Princess (number 2), King's Hourglass and Bright Vine patterns

Albert, Victoria, Princess (number 1) and Devonshire patterns

We generally stock items in all of these patterns, currently availability can be checked out on our Other 19th Century Flatware Patterns page or by contacting us.


Coburg pattern

A variant peculiar to Scotland are single struck examples, i.e. the pattern is only shown on the front, the reverse side being plain. Minor variations on the standard form are often found, such as the device in the centre of the stem, the form of the heel, and whether the shell decorations are concave or convex.

Mid-late 19th century

From the mid-19th Century, mass production and the eclectic tastes of Victorian Britain resulted in the development of many new patterns, which did not follow the evolutionary steps of the 18th Century. Companies such as Elkington & Co, James Dixon & Sons, John Round, Walker & Hall and Mappin & Webb designed their own pattern books. The Sheffield manufacturers produced the less expensive machine-made silver flatware, whilst in general the London spoon-makers continued, with companies such as Chawner & Co (now run by George Adams) and Francis Higgins, to make the better quality hand-made items. Many of the names of the late Victorian patterns are no longer in general usage, but a few remain highly collectable and popular today.

Tudor, Paxton, Grecian, Wellington and Marlborough patterns

Lily pattern has a beautiful flowing naturalism, Albany is a variant of Onslow pattern, Rich Bead and Elizabethan ooze opulence and Tudor displays Gothic influences. We generally stock items in all of these patterns, currently availability can be checked out on our Other 19th Century Flatware Patterns page or by contacting us.

Lily Pattern

 Tudor Pattern

Albany Pattern

20th Century

The Sheffield manufacturers began to dominate the field during the 20th Century, bringing with them a plethora of new patterns for example the Art Deco inspired Sandringham and Dubarry which was used on board the Titanic and supplied by Elkington & Co.. Companies such as Walker & Hall, Mappin & Webb and Viners produced huge quantities of flatware in silver, EPNS and stainless steel. The general quality often became less important, although the London firms, such as Goldsmiths and Silversmiths Co. Ltd., C J Vander and Wakely & Wheeler, continued the high standards of the London spoon-makers.

Dubarry, Sandringham, Pembury and Grecian (Art Deco) patterns

Marie, Russell, Louis XVI and Hester Bateman patterns 

Towards the end of the Century smaller companies produced their own new patterns breaking away from the classic patterns being churned out by the major manufacturers, for example Gerald Benney and Stuart Devlin.

We generally stock canteens in many 20th Century patterns, currently availabiliy can be checked out on our Other 20th Century Flatware Patterns page or by contacting us.

Sandringham pattern

21st Century

Today the Sheffield producers continue to make the "Classic" patterns, and the London companies tend still to make the better quality items. Many of the so-called manufacturers do not actually manufacture their own goods, this is left to a few specialist companies, whilst the rest are merely wholesalers whose skill lies in marketing. A few spoon-makers in the old tradition continue to work either for a handful of London based companies or on their own account. The major competition in the manufacturing of silver flatware these days comes from antique and second-hand goods that can generally be bought for considerably less than new. There has recently been a resurgence in interest towards commissioned hand-made canteens, but the prices involved restricts the market to the very rich. As the pool of silversmiths capable of producing hand-wrought flatware becomes ever smaller, slowly the art of spoon-making is dying.